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KyEducators Online Programs & CoursesSpecial Education in Kentucky

Teachers are needed in the field of special education.
Teaching special education is a challenging and rewarding career. This web site provides you with a road map to becoming a teacher in special education.

What is special education?
Special education is instruction that is designed especially to meet the unique needs of a child who has a disability. Special education can be provided in the classroom, at home, in hospitals or institutions, or in other settings.

Over five million children receive special education and related services each year in the United States. Each child receives instruction that is specially designed to meet the child's unique needs (that result from having a disability) and to help the child learn information and skills that other children are learning. (Source: Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), amended in 1997 by Public Law 105-17)

Disability Categories Used in Kentucky:

  • Autism
  • Deaf-Blindness
  • Hearing Impairment (includes Deafness)
  • Mental Disability
  • Multiple Disabilities
  • Physical Disability or Orthopedic Impairment
  • Other Health Impairment
  • Emotional-Behavioral Disability
  • Specific Learning Disability
  • Communication Disorder
  • Speech or Language Impairment
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Visual Impairment (including Blindness)

The History of Special Education in America
In the 1960s, advocates sought a Federal role in providing leadership and funding for efforts to provide a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to children with disabilities. Congress took a step toward this in 1966 when it established the Bureau for Education of the Handicapped under Title VI of the Elementary and Secondary Schools Act (ESEA)...During the same period, parents began to pursue State laws that would require local education agencies (LEAs) to offer special education services to students with disabilities.

The Laws of Special Education
The Education of Children and Youth with Special Needs: What do the Laws Say? Learn more.

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